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HomeBlockchainA information to cryptocurrency and blockchain phrases and phrases

A information to cryptocurrency and blockchain phrases and phrases


Bitcoin, one example of a digital currency, functions as a medium of exchange like cash, but isn’t backed by a government or have the status of legal tender.

Bitcoin, one instance of a digital foreign money, capabilities as a medium of change like money, however isn’t backed by a authorities or have the standing of authorized tender.

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In this courageous new world of crypto and the blockchain, it pays to know the language. Here’s an inventory of phrases round digital currencies and the expertise that helps them


Digital currencies — akin to Bitcoin — that operate as mediums of change like money, however aren’t backed by a authorities or have the standing of authorized tender. These digital currencies are supported by encryption and different cryptographic applied sciences and permit for safe on-line transactions with out third-party middlemen.


The expertise that helps cryptocurrency. Blockchain is an encrypted database powered by pc networks that may retailer, create and share info. Information is saved as “blocks” of knowledge and may be perceived in a lot the identical means as cellular telephone minutes or bytes of knowledge. Those blocks are protected by encryption and may be related to at least one one other — the blockchain. As information is available in and fills a block, that hyperlinks to the earlier block.


Web3 is described as the most recent iteration of the Internet constructed on blockchain expertise.

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs)

Non-fungible tokens are monetary securities made up of digital information that can’t be copied and are saved within the blockchain. These tokens may be transferred by the proprietor and thus may be offered and traded.

Mobile wallets

Mobile wallets are digital methods to retailer credit score, debit, ID and present playing cards permitting customers to make purchases utilizing cellular sensible gadgets as an alternative of plastic credit score, debit or present playing cards.

Private keys

A password sequence of letters and numbers that allows you to alone entry your crypto property. A non-public key’s, within the phrases of Coinbase, a password “that unlocks the virtual vault that holds your money.”

Public keys

An on-line tackle that permits you to ship and obtain funds.

Keys may be saved on-line in a digital or cellular pockets; or offline in so-called “cold storage” — something from a pc not linked to the Internet to an old style notepad.

Market capitalization

The worth of a person coin multiplied by how most of the cash exist. Holders use the measure to check currencies.


Any cryptocurrency designed to have a comparatively secure value whether or not pegged to a digital foreign money, cash, gold or commodities.

Fiat Currency

Money. What the crypto trade calls normal authorized tender such because the greenback, pound or yen issued by a authorities.

This story was initially printed June 21, 2022 5:00 AM.

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Darrell Smith is The Sacramento Bee’s Elk Grove reporter. He joined The Bee in 2006 and beforehand labored at newspapers in Palm Springs, Colorado Springs, and Marysville. Smith was born and raised at Beale Air Force Base, close to Marysville, and lives in Elk Grove.


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