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Friday, February 3, 2023
HomeBitcoinHow the Present Bitcoin Bear Cycle Compares to 2014 and 2018

How the Present Bitcoin Bear Cycle Compares to 2014 and 2018


Neither the writer, Tim Fries, nor this web site, The Tokenist, present monetary recommendation. Please seek the advice of our web site coverage prior to creating monetary selections.

Year-to-date, Bitcoin is down by 65% in 2022. Since Bitcoin launched in 2009, it has been a massively worthwhile funding in all years aside from 2014 (-58%) and 2018 (-73%). Does the 2022 downturn portend a brand new pattern, or is it simply one other bear 12 months?

Bitcoin’s Wednesday Rally

From late August to November seventh, Bitcoin has largely maintained sideways worth motion, oscillating between $18k – $21k. After FTX crashed on November seventh, Bitcoin entered a brand new sideways motion vary, between $15k – $17k. 

Source: TradingView

This occasion was one of many greatest FUD turbines in latest crypto historical past, dropping Bitcoin’s worth by 23%, from $20,643 to $15,840, the bottom since November 2020. As FTX contagion unwinded, leading to a number of bankruptcies, from BlockFi to Genesis, it seems that everybody who needed to exit the Bitcoin market did so.

On Wednesday, Bitcoin rallied by a modest 3.4%, heading over the $17k vary solely to falter again. The query is, what’s Bitcoin correlating now?

Bitcoin Correlations Post-FTX Crash Turn Soft

The first sign that FTX exerts a heavy affect on Bitcoin was clear after a better-than-expected CPI report of seven.7% had little impact on the crypto market. Moreover, final Wednesday’s FOMC assembly was interpreted as dovish as a result of the Fed confirmed the following anticipated price hike of fifty bps in December and 25 bps subsequent 12 months. 

Expectedly, S&P 500 (SPX) rallied by 6.7%, however, out of the norm, leaving each BTC and ETH within the FTX mire. Due to Bitcoin’s lowered liquidity and decrease market cap, at $322 billion, the dominant cryptocurrency is now much less related to the market’s beta publicity, as publicity to systemic threat.

With a 77% pullback from its ATH, institutional traders are much less prone to enter the market. In different phrases, Bitcoin is in a smooth correlation interval, which will likely be confirmed or disconfirmed with the following CPI report on December thirteenth and the next FOMC assembly a day after.

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Bitcoin’s Past Bear Cycles

The present bear cycle is similar to 2014-15 and 2018. In 2014, Bitcoin’s bear cycle, with a 85% ATH pullback, lasted for 407 days. In 2018, the pullback was 84% and lasted for 364 days. The present pullback of 77% has lasted for 377 days, ranging from November tenth, 2021.  

Accordingly, the time intervals are similar to the previous two bear cycles however with decrease depth this time round.

Grayscale Bitcoin Trust and Bitcoin Miner Capitulation

Last week, Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) reached a historic low cost of 42% in opposition to its ample 633.57k BTC holdings. To make issues worse, Digital Currency Group, the proprietor of GBTC, has massive liabilities following the liquidity crunch in its different subsidiary, Genesis Global Trading. 

If DCG is pressured to faucet into GBTC’s Bitcoin provide to satisfy liabilities, Bitcoin might attain new lows, deeper and quicker than now we have seen earlier than. In the meantime, the selloff stress continues to come back from Bitcoin miners, as they too have to satisfy debt obligations. 

Bitcoin’s technical indicator generally known as hash ribbons, representing modifications in hash charges utilizing every day transferring averages, have fashioned a bearish “death cross”. Historically, this indicated miner capitulation, which can be indicated by miner BTC outflows.

With these two highly effective selloff pressures, DCG (potential) and miners (ongoing), Bitcoin’s sideways motion is the best-case state of affairs in the meanwhile. On the flip aspect, bullish information shouldn’t be discounted. 

Bitcoin stays one of many few cryptocurrencies, out of over 20,000, to be regulated as a commodity. Likewise, Fidelity, dealing with $4.5 trillion AuM, just lately launched crypto buying and selling for retail traders via its Fidelity Crypto division. Lastly, the greenback energy index (DXY) has additionally taken a downturn over the month, at -3.78%. 

At the identical time, the euro and British pound are down significantly year-to-date, at -8.13% and -10.90% respectively. As a foreign money debasement hedge, Bitcoin might but discover new patrons.

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About the writer

Tim Fries

Tim Fries is the cofounder of The Tokenist. He has a B. Sc. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Michigan, and an MBA from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Tim served as a Senior Associate on the funding group at RW Baird’s US Private Equity division, and can be the co-founder of Protective Technologies Capital, an funding agency specializing in sensing, safety and management options.


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